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Historic Berlin

Brandenburg Gate

 

Brandenburg Gate is the iconic structure of  not only Berlin but the entire Germany.  Built in 1791, the structure has been witness to significant historical events, ranging from Napolean's brief halt near it during his Russian campaign to the falling of the Berlin Wall and not to forget the events of the WWII, unfolding before itself. The Greek Doric columns of the gateway are adorned by the Roman style quadriga at the top.

Brandenburg Gate is gateway to the majectic Unter Den Linden bouleward which was once a royal highway and now the most frequented avenue for the Berliners and the travellers.

 

 

Gendarmenmarkt

 Considered as one of the most beautiful squares in Europe, Gendarmenmarkt square is flanked by the German and French cathedrals. The German Cathedral houses the Questions of German History exhibition and the French Cathedral houses the Huguenot Museum. Adding to the magnificence of the square is the Konzerthaus, earlier known as Schauspielhaus theatre, one more of the great architect Schinkel's creation. Presence of some popular bistros makes the area a visitor's favourite. 

 

 

Schloss Charlottenburg

 

Schloss CharlottenburgCharlottenburg Palace was built by Elector Friederich III in 1699 as a summer palace for his wife Sophie Charlotte. It was later extended during the 18th century. 

 It is the largest palace in Germany. The palace was severely damaged in the World War II air raids on Berlin. It was rebuilt in the 1950’s. 

 

 

 

Berlin Cathedral

 

Berlin Cathedral, popularly known as Berliner Dom, was built by Kaiser Wilhem II. He reffered to it as "Protestant Prussia's reply to Catholic Rome.

The structure was severely damaged during the WW II air raids on Berlin.  

 

 

 

Checkpoint Charlie

  Checkpoint Charlie was a border crossing point for travel from one side of the Berlin Wall to the other. It came into existence after the Berlin Wall was erected on August 13, 1961. It was the Allied sentry post in the American sector. Though the post was officially closed after the fall of the Berlin Wall on June 22, 1990 but it has been preserved as an iconic symbol of the Cold War.

 

 

 

Reichstag

 

The Reichstag building, seat of the German Parliament,  was completed in 1894 after German unification and establishment of the German Reich in 1871 under Kaiser Wilhelm II. 

The building was caught into flames in what is popularly referred to as the Reichstag Fire on 28 February, 1933. It suffered severe damage by the Red Army in April 1945. Consequently, the building seized to be functional for parliamentary purposes till the re-unification of Germany in 1991.


In 1991, the parliamentarians in Bonn voted to move the Bundestag back to the Reichstag.  


The roof terrace and dome of the Reichstag Building is open for visits by public offering spectacular views of the city landscape. The main entrance to the building bears the inscription Dem Deutschen Volke ("To the German People").

 

 

 

Berlin Wall

 

Judging it by it's physical features it was just an ordinary wall, not even a pretty ordinary wall. But, it was no ordinary wall; neither in it's creation nor in it's demolition.  The wall is long gone except for some bare ramnaints left here and there, the biggest chunk still surviving at the East-side Gallery. As long as it was there, it witnessed existence of two different worlds on each it's side. Two different worlds,  poles apart, suspecting each other for fear of being a threat to each other's survival. It devided a country and a city along with it's people, families and friends.