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The Iron Curtain

   "From Stettin in the Baltic to Trieste in the Adriatic, an iron curtain has descended across the continent". In his 1945 'The Sinews of Peace' speech at Westminster College in Fulton, Missouri Winston Churchill brought the term 'Iron Curtain' to the Cold War lexicon. It typified the political atmoshere prevailing at the time over Europe.

This speech was made at a time when Winston Churchill had lost the general elections in Britain inspite of leading Britian in World War II with grit, determination and firm resolve to fight against the Nazi aspirations to dominate the entire Europe.

The term Iron Curtain came to symobolize the political division of Europe along the Ideological lines after the World War II. On one hand were the western European countries representing the free capitalist world and on the other hand were the eastern European countries, under the dominating influence of the Soviet Union, representing the socialist world. No where in the world the Cold War frontier was as distinct as in the post-war Germany as the divisive lines were passing right across Germany deviding the Deutscheland into two halves ie West Germany and East Germany. The Cold War fissures were made even more apparent in the historic city of Berlin as the city was devided into the western and eastern halves. With passage of time the cold war clouds were spreading over the entire world in one way or the other. 

For more on Iron Curtain kindly stay tuned to our Upcoming Events on Cold War history, Berlin Wall history or related Workshops on History.