After the WW II, Berlin was divided into four sectors in 1945 as a power sharing formula over the city among the four occupying powers ie the American, British and the French sectors comprising the West Berlin and the Russian sector comprising the East Berlin.
In order to check the migration of people, particularly the young and well to do, from east to west, the East German government came with a permanent solution ie the construction of the Berlin Wall on August 13, 1961. The wall symbolized the concretization of the Iron Curtain over Europe and further intensification of the Cold War between the Western and the Eastern blocks with opposing political, economical and social systems.
After Mikhail Gorbachev's path braking policies of Glasnost and Perestroika in USSR and some foreign policy initiatives by him, the communist iron fist over the eastern European nations had started losing its grip. As a result of the fast changing geo-political scenario in Eastern Europe, the Berlin Wall came to a rapid fall on November 9, 1989.
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